Velvet disease Koi

Velvet Disease - Information on goldfish and koi

  1. Velvet Disease V elvet disease is caused by the parasite Oodinium. The symptom is a golden velvety coat on the fins and body of the fish. The disease is sometimes hard to detect in goldfish that are mainly orange in color, since this is almost the same color as the disease
  2. Velvet is one of the more common diseases in aquarium fish and can quickly strike down every inhabitant in the tank before the owner realizes what he or she is dealing with. Also known as Rust or Gold Dust disease, it is caused by one of several species of a tiny parasite known as Oödinium
  3. Velvet fish disease can occur in both marine and freshwater systems. Learn more about this protozoan parasite and how to protect your fish from velvet disease
  4. Velvet Disease, which is Also known as Gold Dust Disease, is an affliction that is common among fish held in both aquariums and ponds. It is particularly dangerous because it can strike imperceptibly, remaining undetected until it's too late. Below is an overview of this condition, what causes it, and how it can be prevented and treated

Velvet disease is a condition characterized by a yellowish, dusty aspect on the skin of the fish. The disease manifests itself as a fine dust that is typically gray-yellow in color, which explains why this disease is also also known as rust disease or gold-dust disease Oodinium parasites can also cause disease in Koi. The disease caused is sometimes called Velvet Disease because it resembles a velvety golden dust, which covers the fish. Adding salt to the pond's water does not normally clear up Velvet Disease. The best option is to add Formalin to the water as this has been shown to be most effective Velvet is one of the more common diseases in aquarium fish and can strike down every inhabitant in the tank before the hapless owner realizes what he or she is dealing with Despite its fancy name, Velvet is a common fish disease that can cause serious issues. Velvet is caused by a small parasite known as Oodinium which can latch onto the body, gills and fins of fish. It is sometimes also referred to as rust disease or gold dust disease 9. Freshwater Velvet (Gold Dust Disease) Velvet in fish can be very deadly for your whole tank. This disease can quickly wipe out everything in your tank. Symptoms of Velvet. Fish who have velvet will be scratching their body against any hard surface in the tank. This is to try to remove the parasites from their skin

Velvet/Oödinium Fritz Aquatic

Eliminate Velvet Fish Disease - Aquatic Veterinary Service

All fish owners must know about types of diseases and how to treat swordtail fish, especially if they keep the fish for business. Common Swordtail Fish Diseases, Symptoms, and Treatments Swordtail fish rarely get infected with diseases, but conditions such as stress and bacteria can affect their immune system Velvet Velvet disease, also known as rust or gold dust disease, is a rare illness caused by the Oodinium parasite that attaches to fishes' skin and gills. The parasite destroys your fish's cells and feeds on its nutrients. If left untreated, velvet can be deadly

FRESHWATER VELVET - Piscinoodinium pillulare & Similar Chilodonella (also incorrectly known as oodinium which is a similar marine infestation)Also Information about COSTIA ( Ichtyobodo Necatrix) Velvet (Piscinoodinium pillulare) is a flagellate parasite with chloroplasts, while ich is a ciliate, both have similar life cycles, but unlike ich. Other parasitic disorders, include Gyrodactylus salaris, Ichthyophthirius multifiliis, cryptocaryon, velvet disease, Brooklynella hostilis, Hole in the head, Glugea, Ceratomyxa shasta, Kudoa thyrsites, Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae, Cymothoa exigua, leeches, nematode, flukes, carp lice and salmon lice Diseases: ich, velvet disease, collapsed fins, white body blotches, marine ich ( Cryptocarion irritans) Contraindications: Due to copper sulfate content, this should be used only in quarantine tanks. Copper traces can destroy invertebrates. Not to be used with salt. Fungistop by Tetra 10. Velvet. Velvet is also called rust or gold dust and is caused by a tiny parasite called Oödinium or Piscinoodinium. Symptoms/Appearance. Fish with Velvet disease exhibit some or all of the following symptoms: Rubbing or scratching against objects in the tank; Lethargy; Poor appetite and weight loss; Labored or rapid breathing; Clamped fin

Jun 19, 2020 - Understanding koi diseases and the best way to treat them. See more ideas about koi, disease, koi fish The velvet disease though not very common in Koi can be a source of great discomfort for the fish. It is caused by an external parasite called as Oodinium which basically attaches itself to the outside of the fish ad begins to spread its tentacles until it covers a major part of the skin of the fish Some diseases like velvet can also cause this problem. See comments in this article to learn how to improve water quality. You can also follow the Bettafix link to get a water conditioner. Question: I just got a koi betta. She has rosy pink spots on her gills, and only there, her colors are very faded. But that spot is more noticeable, and her.

The Velvet disease affects both freshwater and saltwater fish and is caused by different single-celled dinoflagellate parasites, which are essentially classified as algae. An infected fish will appear as if it's covered in white or gold dust particles. Not to be mistaken for Ich, the white dots of Velvet disease will almost completely cover a. ⬤Ich ⬤Velvet ⬤Slime Disease ⬤Fish Lice ⬤Internal Parasite-Perform a 100% water change.-Raise water temperature to 80-85°F.-Treat Ich & Velvet with Ich-X-Treat Slime Disease with Furan-2-Treat Fish Lice with a bath of potassium permanganate. Drop 10mg of the product in a liter of water and bathe fish for 15 minutes Oodinium is the causative agent in Velvet disease. This pearshaped sessile organism gives a velvety, gold dust look to affected Kol. It is reported that this may not clear with Salt, but I have yet to see this type of resistance. If it didn'tclear with Salt, I would use Formalin. I have only encountered Velvet/Oodinium very rarely in Koi

Velvet fish disease can occur in both marine and freshwater systems. Although the marine form is much more common, fish owners should be aware of the clinical signs associated with this disease and what to do if you suspect velvet fish disease is in your system. The koi fish, also known as the nishikigoi, is Japanese for brocaded carp. Velvet (Gold Dust Disease) OTC medication for parasites. Salt Treatments: Understand that while salt is frequently used as a treatment/preventative for sick fish, it is no guarantee. It can even be dangerous to some fish (for example, cory catfish) 4. Velvet Disease. Velvet disease, otherwise known as Gold Dust Disease, is caused by the parasite Oodinium, which burrows itself into the body of your platy fish causing gold-colored cysts that can later erupt into lesions. Symptoms: Small, gold-colored dots on the skin of your fish Hexamita/Spironucleus; . Hexamita is a small (3 --18 m) intestinal parasite commonly found in the intestinal tract of freshwater fish (Figure 10). Sick fish are extremely thin and the abdomen may be distended. The intestines may contain a yellow mucoid (mucus-like) material.Recent taxonomic studies have labeled the intestinal flagellate of freshwater angelfish as Spironucleus

Fish Disease Spotlight: Velvet Disease Fitz's Fish Pond

1.1 List of Common Plants That Are Toxic & Can Poison Pond Fish (Updated) 1.2 Common Toxic Aquatic Plant Species. 1.2.1 Blue-green Algae. 1.3 Common Toxic Tree Species. 1.3.1 Oak (Fagaceae Quercus) 1.3.2 Yew (Taxus baccata, Taxus canadensis, and Taxus cuspidata Koi Fix for Food-$7.50 (Each packet treats 1/4lb of food) Koi Fix for Food is a combination of Oxytetracycline and Neomycin sulfate. While it is marketed for Koi, it is a great medication for any fish displaying signs of serious bacterial infections which koi are prone to Treatments of Parasites. Copper sulphate as a fish disease treatment Copper sulphate (sulfate) can be used to treat a range of parasites affecting marine aquarium fish. Protozoan parasites such as Crytocaryon (marine Ich), Trichodina, Amyloodium (marine velvet disease) as well as monogenean flukes - Dactylogyrus (gill flukes) and Gyrodactylus. Most common molly fish diseases such as ich, fin rot, flukes or velvet can be treated with the Seachem ParaGuard medication. This fish medication is very effective, and can be purchased from Amazon. In what follows, you can read about the most common molly fish diseases, parasites, and remedies

Velvet Disease in Fish: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

A new disease is hitting Koi and fish lovers hard. This new bacterial gill disease is spreading rapidly and killing fish all over the country. Furazolidone, Methylene Blue, and Sodium Chloride. Formulated to treat fish against Ich, velvet, slimy skin disease, fungus, fin and tail rot, bloody patches on skin, etc.(1cap or 2gm/10 gal). Make. Velvet Disease. Viruses. Channel Catfish Virus. EIBS. IHN virus. IPN virus. ISA virus. KHV - Koi Herpesvirus. Largemouth Bass Virus. Oncorhynchus masou Virus. Spring Viraemia of Carp Virus. VHS virus. White Sturgeon Herpesvirus 2. White Sturgeon Iridovirus Koi Herpesvirus disease (KHV) (Koi Herpesvirus (KHV)) L. Lateral Line disease (MHLLE (There is no actual scientific name)) Leeches (Annelida infestation) Linolenic acid deficiency. Velvet or rust disease (Oodinium limneticum) Vibriosis. Vitamin A1/A2 deficiency (Retinol Deficiency First, identify the disease and make sure it's actually ich. Since stress ich and velvet also look very similar, it may be helpful to wait 24 hours and confirm the diagnosis. Dose Ich-X according to the instructions, which is 5 ml of medication per 10 gallons of aquarium water, and wait 24 hours These parasites produce a disease that has been called velvet, rust, gold-dust, and coral disease because of the brownish gold color they impart to infected fish. The pathogenic stages of the organism are pigmented, photosynthetic, nonflagellated, nonmotile algae that attach to and invade the skin and gills during their.

Velvet Disease. Treat water with copper sulfate. When adding new fish, do not add the water they came in. Quarantine new fish in a separate tank. Spots on top of head, back. Hole-In-the-Head Disease. Feed fish food containing Metronidazole Fish Diseases Transmitted to Humans. Updated April 21, 2020 Author: Adrian Lawler, Ph.D. Social Media:. Notes from a talk given to the Saltwater Enthusiasts Association of the Bay Area (SEABay) (retired) Aquarium Supervisor (l984-l998) J. L. Scott Aquarium Biloxi, MS...Finally, in this short presentation, I would like to briefly discuss fish tank diseases that can be transmitted to humans Marine Velvet - Velvet Disease (Oodinium ocellatum/ Amyloodinium ocellatum/ Branchiophilus maris), Coral Reef Fish Disease Description Symptoms: white, yellow to light brown, or grey dusty appearance on body, respiratory distress (fast breathing - gills opening more than 80 times per minute), loss of appetite, rubbing or scratching against. Research First. Swim bladder disease, also known as positive or negative buoyancy disorder, is a complex disease syndrome. In order to attempt to treat the process, it is important to know the exact cause of the disorder. Medications may not always be needed, and treatment is not always successful

These diseases are either caused by bacteria, viruses, or some parasites, and the best treatment for Koi diseases is isolation. However, the problem is, Koi is a powerful and large breed of fish. Some of the most common Goldfish Diseases are ich, flukes, fish lice, velvet, fin rot, etc., The treatment of goldfish is much easier than Koi. 13. Velvet Disease (Oodinium Or O.Pillularis) This disease is very similar to Ich in its life cycle. Symptoms is a golden velvety coating usually first seen on the back of the fish. It gradually spreads over the whole body of the fish. This is a very small yellowish parasite not easy to detect

Symptoms of Cotton Wool Disease in Freshwater Fish . The most common clinical sign of cotton wool disease is a pale, raised patch on your fish's skin. It can be anywhere on the body, including the face and fins. Lesions typically have a fluffy appearance similar to a fungal growth Angelfish Velvet Disease (Gold Dust Disease) Velvet Disease is an infection caused by the parasite Piscinoodinum, which attacks the body of the fish forming a cyst in the natural slime coating of the angelfish and then erupting through the skin. Symptoms of velvet disease in angelfish: Body is coated in gold (sometimes green or brown) cysts How aquarium and pond treatments work. Part 3 deals with parasite and chemical such as Malachite Green, Methylene Blue, Copper, Praziquantel, & more. Chemical Treatment information from fish disease guru Carl Strohmeye

Goldfish Velvet Disease Treatment

Velvet Fish Disease (Oodinium) Symptoms: Velvet looks a lot like ich but velvet shows up as smaller yellow or gray dusty spots on the fish. Tropical fish with velvet will have rapid gill movement and may be rubbing on surfaces in the tank. Treatment: There are a lot of products out there to treat this common tropical fish parasite. For example. Betta Splenden Velvet Disease Treatment Velvet is another pesky little parasite. If you always add aquarium salt to your betta's water (1 teaspoon of aquarium salt per 2 1/2 Gal of water) and one drop of Aquarisol per gal, your betta will probably never get velvet. It is very contagious, but bettas will fully recover if treated promptly Another serious disease in aquarium fish is called velvet (also known as rust or gold dust disease). It is caused by protozoan parasites that attack the gills and skin, causing fine yellowish spots that are smaller and harder to see than the ones that occur with ich. Sometimes these appear as a thin, velvety film covering the skin Freshwater Velvet Disease. This disease, like many aquarium disorders, has a freshwater and marine variant that share names but are caused by different specific organisms. The term 'dropsy' when referring to issues with goldfish and koi (salmonid fish — of which carp related fish are a part) can be frustrating.. Velvet. Velvet is caused by a parasite called Oödinium. Symptoms include the appearance of a velvety film on the skin that resembles gold or rust colored dust. You may even see your fish trying to rub the parasites off. Advanced progression of the disease results in loss of weight and labored breathing. Treatment with Copper Sulfate is.

Koi Diseases and Their Treatments - Clarkes Ko

Slime Disease. S lime disease is very common in fish and the cause is usually the chilodonella, costia, or cyclochaeta parasites. Symptoms include a gray coating on the body or fins, scratching, frayed fins and shimmying. Commercial remedy of malachite green and frequent water changes can be used to treat this disease ICH MEDICATION: http://amzn.to/2dHplKjDIYAQUAPROS website: http://www.diyaquapros.com Join The DIY AQUAPRO Team !FACEBOOK:..

Sensible selection of livestock, adequate housing, proper diet, and careful breeding should all minimize swim bladder problems among ornamental fish. In addition to these, keeping the aquarium clean reduces the risk from opportunistic bacteria, while taking care to quarantine new livestock should prevent the introduction of parasitic worms Betta fish are certainly among the most favorite tropical fish pets these days. They can be quite hardy once the ideal environmental conditions are obtained across their tanks. However, they can also be extremely delicate to water parameters changing, as well as to any potential . Betta Velvet Disease - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment Velvet. It is also known by the names 'Oödinium, Rust, or Gold Dust Disease'. This is the most common disease in the tank or aquarium fish. It is caused by the parasites known as Oödinium limneticum and Oödinium Pilularis which can attack both the saltwater and freshwater fish Pet fish are one of the most numerous companion animals in U.S. households, yet few fish owners consult veterinarians about fish disease partly because historically veterinarians have declined to offer them assistance. Yet all veterinarians are trained in pathology, diagnostics, animal husbandry, and pharmacology, so who better to apply the principles of these disciplines to pet fish Fin Rot Symptoms in Freshwater Fish. A fish with fin rot will have ragged, frayed fins. Both the fins and the tail may be affected. The edges of the fins are often discolored (sometimes lighter, sometimes darker). If left untreated the fins will eventually erode away and the infection will spread to the fish's body

Velvet: Aquarium Fish Disease - The Spruce Pet

Koi guppy diseases Disease: Symptoms Velvet (Oodinium) Cover the body with tiny gold dots or gold dust. Last stage, skin starts to peel off and bleeding: The best medicine is the copper medication· Turn off the lights of the tank until the sick fish recovers completely Kordon's Malachite Green is an effective medication used for the control of various external parasites of freshwater and marine fishes. When used as directed the medication will control or prevent the following common protozoan parasites: Ichthyophthinus (freshwater Ich), Costra, Chilodonella, Ambiphyra, Cryptocaryon (marine Ich), Epistylis, Oodinium and Trichodina The freshwater dip is very effective to rid the fish of parasites causing black ick, marine ick, velvet and flukes, but ineffective towards bacterial or fungal diseases. The bath has to be prepared with pure water, preferably RO/DI, or as an alternative distilled water. The fish should be closely watched and the bath administered for 5-10 minutes MAKES ALL COLDWATER and TROPICAL FISH BETTER! Most illnesses are easy to cure if they are treated early enough! As soon as your fish behaves unusually or appears sick ( lying still on the bottom of the tank, gasping for air, clamped fins or loss of appetite Marine Oodinium (Amyloodinium) is present in a free-swimming and infective form in most ocean environments that wild fish are imported from. The Amyloodinium Dinoflagellate is extremely hardy and can withstand a wide variety of salinity (specific gravity) and temperature fluctuations. However the number of infective organisms that are found in.

Frequently asked questions on treating sick fish. e3722e91-4f21-40ee-b22c-ae9dc4ac3573. Fish disease outbreaks need to dealt with promptly, but how do you know what it is? Andy Gordon answers some of the most common questions on diagnosing and treating common aquarium fish diseases. A fish has died unexpectedly, does this mean there is a. 5. Seachem ParaGuard: This easy-to-use parasite control contains no formaldehyde or methanol, making it both fish and filter safe.It is also formulated for use without altering the pH levels of your aquarium. This means that it is a safer option than the highly toxic formalin-based medications for those who aren't comfortable with their use

Lymphocystis may be a common infective agent unwellness of fresh and seafood. The viruses that cause this unwellness belong to the genus Lymphocystivirus of the family Iridoviridae. Aquarists typically come upon this virus once their fish ar stressed like once place into a replacement setting and therefore the virus is in a position to grow You are actually killing the disease when it is free floating. The male won't get it directly from the female. It would get it from the water. If you are in the middle of the treatment cycle, the organism won't live long enough in the water do do any harm to the male. Chance of survival is really dependent on the stage of the disease 2.1 Diseases caused by viruses Lymphocystis Koi with carp pox. Treatment: page 26 Observation Clamped fins, white lips, white edged scales and velvet-like coating. Piscinoodinium, Velvet disease Treatment: page 29 Observation Clearly visible white spots (0.4 - 1.5 mm) on skin and fins, clamped fins and scrubbing on decoration.

Fish mouth rot or mouth fungus, sometimes known as cotton mouth or cotton wool disease, is one of the frequently seen fish diseases in home aquariums. It is so common that I ran into it during my first year of aquarium fish keeping. Causes of Mouth Rot, Mouth Fungus on Fish. It is called mouth fungus by most people because sometimes it looks like mold or a cotton patch Piscinoodinium: or Velvet Disease: see p. 177 This parasite very rarely occurs in Goldfish and is seldom encountered in Koi. FISH SPECIES AND DISEASES 5. Multicellular parasitic infections: (Ill. 572-582) Mainly skin and gill flukes a. Gyrodactylus: Skin Flukes: see p. 184 (Ill. 572-575) This parasitic worm quickly reproduces itself on the ski The basic requirements are: To be large enough to accommodate the potential size that Koi can grow to ( 24 inches / 60cm plus). A pond of around 8 feet x 6 feet and 4 feet deep (2.5m x 2m x 1.2m) containing approx' 1200 gallons (5500L) would be a sensible minimum for keeping Koi in the UK or other temperate climates Iridoviral diseases, 287 85. Nodaviral diseases, 289 86. Koi herpesvirus disease, 292 87. Alphavirus diseases, 294 88. Miscellaneous systemic viral diseases and infections, 298 13. PROBLEMS 89 through 99: Rule-out diagnoses 2: Presumptive diagnosis is based on the absence of other etiologies combined with a diagnosticall Antibacterial Remedy for Koi & Goldfish. API Pond Melafix acts as an all-natural, antibacterial remedy for koi and goldfish diseases, including eye cloud, mouth fungus, fin & tail rot, damaged fins, ulcers, and open wounds. Use if you notice these symptoms among fish in your pond, or when adding new fish

Lymphocystis. Lymphocystis is a viral disease which affects the fishes in the aquarium. The herpes virus causes this disease. You need not worry about this viral disease as it is not a deadly disease. It is very rare to get this infection on the fishes in the aquarium. Only if this virus is introduced in the aquarium it will be affect the fish Jul 25, 2015 - Explore Fritz Aquatics's board Fish Disease on Pinterest. See more ideas about fish, aquarium fish, disease

How to treat and prevent velvet in fish Petbarn Article

Cotton Mouth (Columnaris) Symptoms: Small areas on the fish's head and around its mouth turn pale, and the greyish white or white spots start to appear. Eventually, the larger patches can become brownish-yellow with red-tinged edges; Treatment: Siphon the tank's gravel and change 30% to 50% of the water. Remove the carbon from the filter, and then treat with aquarium salt, Melafix, Furan 2. Acriflavine is an effective treatment against the bacterial disease, Flexibacter columnaris (mouth fungus, cotton-wool, cotton-mouth). It is also effective against some external parasitic infections such as Chilodonella, Hexamita, Ichthyophthirius (white spot) and velvet (Oodinium). As a fungicide it is effective against Saprolegnia. Request A Quot Fin rot is a common disease that describes the rotting or fraying of a fish's fins or tail. If you suspect that your fish may be suffering from fin rot, take a close look at their fins and tail for the following symptoms: Fins or tail appear to have frayed edges; The fin or tail edges have turned white, or even black and brown in some case Another common cause is velvet, which looks like a dusty, velvety rust or yellow coating on the fish. Treat the fish immediately because diseases like velvet can be fast and fatal. Ask your local aquarium or pet shop staff for a medication to remedy the problem. Follow the label directions for medicating the tank

Tropical Fish KeepingFungal Disease In Betta Fish (With images) | Betta fish


Velvet Disease. One or more fishes are infected. Tiny parasites attached to body and fins. Not unlike white spot, but cysts are smaller and rust/gold in colour. Rapid breathing also occurs in heavier infections. Fish will also glance off aquarium objects in attempt to rub off cysts. Treat with a parasitic medication Disease/Diagnosis. Links and articles about fish illnesses, disease and treatment options. Learn about ich, velvet, fin rot, fungus, parasites and other nasty maladies. General overview of a handful of common diseases. This Ick treatment product is non-toxic and multi-use. It's safe and economical

Ichthyophthirius multifiliis - WikipediaCan Goldfish And Koi Live Together? (Tips For Success

A Guide To Disease In Koi Krafty Ko

dealing with koi diseases. Tetra Lifeguard is a broad-spectrum, non-antibiotic agent treats the clinical signs of disease at their earliest stages in freshwater fish. You don't have to be a fish expert to use Lifeguard. With this all-in-one treatment, there's no need for time-consuming guesswork KOI RX TERMINATE is a specially formulated treatment for salt resistant parasites and fungal disease! TERMINATE is formulated with malachite green chloride and formalin (MG&F) a very safe combo TERMINATE is very safe for treating costia, chilodonella, ich, oodinium and fungal infection Tropical Fish Diseases, Medication and Treatment Guide. All the tropical fish owners out there, face fish diseases at some point. Bookmarking this guide just might be exactly what you need to read at some point to prevent or treat disease occurrences. Take the time now to bookmark this page and keep it for later reference, better safe than sorry

Medicine For Parasites - News and Health

How to Recognize and Treat Common Koi Fish Illnesses

Redox potential: 4-0.5V (optimum 0.52V at 25ᵒC at 1atm) FCO2: 1.5-15ppm (optimum is 15ppm) Total Alkalinity: 50-150ppm. Total Hardness: 30-180ppm. Water quality testing kit: Water Testing Kit. Minimum tank size: 30 gallons (113.6 L) for one parrot fish + 10 gallons (37.8 L) for every additional parrot fish Disease treatment for freshwater & marine aquariums Contains a more effective form of malachite green Treats protozoan-caused diseases & controls fungal issues Highly effective & less stressful to fish & bio-action Ich-X can be used to treat Ich, Velvet (Gold Dust Disease), Saprolegniasis and Trichodiniasis

Fish N Tips: Common Fresh Water Fish DiseasesFish disease and parasites - WikipediaKOI fish 3 - Mamidu

Infections or infestations of animals that can be transmitted to humans are called zoonoses. Although cases of human disease arising from fish and shellfish are rare in Australia, there are a few 'fish diseases' that workers in the aquaculture and fishing industries need to be conscious of when handling or processing fish This treatment is suitable for both freshwater and saltwater aquariums. Formulated to help treat parasitic diseases. Can help treat velvet, fish lice, hole-in-the-head disease, plus gill and skin flukes. Works quickly to help heal your underwater buddies. Available in 10 individual powdered packets or a 30-oz. bottle The Koi Pond Garden is a very relaxing place to feel the serenity of God's creation all around you. It produces purple flower spikes that are followed by blackish berries in the fall. No serious disease or insect problems and very easy to grow. Jane Magnolia. deeply dissected leaves that have the appearance of a fern leaf and velvet. Scientific Name : Xiphophorus helleri Common Names : Black, Gold Tux, Green, Lyretail, Neon, Red Simpson, Spotted, Red Velvet, Black Velvet, Belize, Atoyac Care Level : Easy, good fish for freshwater fish beginners Size : Up to 5 inches (13 cm) pH : 7 - 8 Temperature : 72°F - 82°F (22°C - 28°C) Water Hardness : 9° to 15° dH Lifespan : 3 - 5 years Origin / Habitat : Central Americ